Dooars contains the hills and floodplains in the foot of Eastern Himalayas. Dooars surrounds Bhutan and serves as a gateway towards the Dragon Kingdom. The name itself came from the local word ‘duar’, meaning door. Along with that, the whole Dooars range is an exquisite place to witness the variety of wildlife, streams, rivers, small hills and such more natural beauty. Elevated between the altitudes of 90m to 1750m, the area receives average rainfall of 3500mm, with mild summer and cold winter.
The history of Dooars region is mostly related to Kamata Kingdom, which was under Koch Dynasty. For much of a time, the region was possessed by Bhutan. After British occupied this part of India in 1865, Dooars was divided into two parts – eastern and western, which later was merged into Goalpara district of Assam and Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal respectively.
Some of the extraordinary forest destination of India and more than one UNESCO World Heritage Sites are parts of the Dooars region. Thus, it is quite obvious that the dense forest areas are suitable place to be home of wide range and different species of wild animals, birds, reptiles, insects, fishes etc. The area usually contains monsoon-fed forest with semi-evergreen vegetation. Dooars is specially known for one-horned Indian rhinos, Asian elephants, royal Bengal tiger, gaur (Indian bison) and so on.
All the major towns and villages are well-connected today from Siliguri. Although some areas are still under development and so is their transport system because of locating amongst forests and hills, but those are few in number. Means of transports like Govt. and non-Govt. buses, cars, jeeps and trains are available to build good communication among these areas.