The biggest and the most bustling town of North Bengal, Siliguri, also holds significance as one of the important cities in West Bengal. Located in the floodplains at the foot of Eastern Himalaya, Siliguri province is spread over both Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts. The altitude of the area ranges between maximum 140m to minimum 114m. Because of the density of population, the town could have a very warm weather, but locating close to the Himalayas, it stays moderate.
Just around a century ago, the area where Siliguri resides today, was nothing but a remote village. After the independence of India, and after the creation of Bangladesh, the place became a centre for refugee shelter, because of its geographical location and accessibility. In 1949, it gained the status of municipal area and in 1994, it developed into a Municipal Corporation.
The city of Siliguri is regularly and smoothly connected with rest of the country. Near about 11km away, there is a airport in Bagdogra.Regular flights are operated from Bagdogra Airport to several national destinations and some neighbouring countries like Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal etc. and vice versa. National Highway 31 passes through the city. The New Jalpaiguri Railway Station, located about 13km from Siliguri, is the one of the busiest portal of Eastern and North-Eastern Railway.