Bhutan borders with China’s Tibet Autonomous Region to the north and India to the east, south and west. Thus it is a landlocked country in South Asia at an average elevation of 8000 ft. This small country is completely situated within the Himalayan Mountain range. Located in the southern slopes of Eastern Himalayas, Bhutan sees a varied climate from polar-type climate in the north, temperate in highlands and subtropical in south.
Several elements stand as evidence of Bhutan being inhabited during 2000 BC. The country was introduced with Buddhism for the first time in 7th century AD and since then it has been the base of their cultural and religious point of view. Although a huge part of Bhutanese history is unclear because of outrageous fire in Punakha, the ancient capital, but it is clearly seen that the religious history of Bhutan has greatly influenced the country’s political and social development.
Bhutan has a rich amount and variety of flora and fauna. Over 5400 species of plants are found throughout Bhutan and more than 770 different species of avifauna make it a hotspot for bird-lovers. Rare animals like golden langur, Bengal tiger, sloth bear, red panda, clouded leopard, Himalayan black bear, Tibetan wolf, marmot etc are part of Bhutan’s fauna. Takin, the national animal of Bhutan, is a strange-looking animal with goat-like head and cow-like body.
Reaching Bhutan is only possible by roadway or airway. The only airline is operated by Druk Air from and to Delhi, Mumbai, Bodhgaya, Guwahati, Kolkata of India, Dhaka of Bangladesh, Kathmandu of Nepal, Bangkok of Thailand and Singapore. Paro Airport is the only international airport in Bhutan, along with three other domestic airports. As for the roadway crossing, there are three passages towards Bhutan in the Indo-Bhutan border, among which Phuentsholing is the most popular and busiest one. Buses, run by Royal Bhutan Govt, or private jeeps and cars are available from Siliguri and Kolkata.